Knowledge management can be defined as comprising a range of strategies and practices used in an organisation to identify, create, represent, distribute and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organisations as processes or practices. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_management
It is based on two critical activities:
Knowledge Management is made up of a number of tools to aid an organisation to retain what it has learnt and developed and to make this knowledge available to others in the organisation.
Amongst the tools are :
Many of these tools are being introduced within the NHS, as staff identify the need for the organisation to learn from others, capture what they have learnt and make it available to others in the organisation so that they continue to develop.
You can find more information on Knowledge Management here from Knowledge Management Toolkit to Training Resources.